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  • Writer's pictureMohd Khalil Hashim

Understanding Hypertension: What You Need to Know

High blood pressure, or hypertension, is a common health concern that affects many people around the world. Despite its prevalence, it often goes unnoticed because it doesn't always come with noticeable symptoms. In this article, we'll explore what hypertension is, its causes, and simple steps you can take to manage it.

### What is Hypertension?

Hypertension occurs when the force of blood against the walls of your arteries is consistently too high. Blood pressure is measured with two numbers: the systolic pressure (the pressure when your heart beats) and the diastolic pressure (the pressure when your heart is at rest between beats). A normal blood pressure reading is typically around 120/80 mm Hg.

Causes and Risk Factors:

Several factors can contribute to high blood pressure, including:

1. Genetics: If your family has a history of hypertension, you may be at a higher risk.

2. Unhealthy Lifestyle: Poor diet, lack of physical activity, and smoking can increase your risk.

3. Age: Blood pressure tends to rise with age.

4. Chronic Conditions: Conditions like kidney disease and diabetes can contribute.

Complications of Hypertension:

If left untreated, hypertension can lead to serious health issues, including heart disease, stroke, and kidney damage. It's crucial to manage your blood pressure to reduce these risks.

Prevention and Management:

The good news is that there are simple lifestyle changes you can make to manage hypertension:

1. Eat a Balanced Diet: Focus on fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and lean proteins. Limit salt and saturated fats.

2. Regular Exercise: Aim for at least 30 minutes of moderate exercise most days of the week.

3. Quit Smoking: Smoking raises blood pressure and damages your arteries.

4. Limit Alcohol: If you drink, do so in moderation.

Monitoring Your Blood Pressure:

Regular check-ups with your healthcare provider are essential. They can monitor your blood pressure and recommend adjustments to your treatment plan if needed. Additionally, you can check your blood pressure at home with a home blood pressure monitor.


Hypertension is a manageable condition with lifestyle changes and, in some cases, medications. By understanding the risk factors and making positive choices, you can take control of your health. Remember to consult with your healthcare provider for personalized advice and guidance. Taking small steps today can lead to a healthier tomorrow.

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